Fakta dan Mitos Donor Darah

PDFPrintE-mail

FAKTA DAN MITOS

DONOR DARAH

Oleh : dr. Elida Marpaung, M.Biomed, Koordinator Pelayanan Unit Pelayanan Transfusi Darah RSCM

 

Berbagai mitos tentang donor darah banyak berkembang di masyarakat, ada beberapa hal informasi yang tidak tepat sementara kenyataan dan fakta tentang donor darah melalui penelitian masih banyak yang belum terpublikasi dengan baik.

 

Donor darah merupakan kegiatan yang telah lama kita kenal dan bisa jadi kitapun sudah menjadi donor darah sukarela yang telah beberapa kali mendonorkan darah kita. Sistem penggolongan darah ABO yang sampai sekarang masih digunakan dalam penggolongan darah untuk memberikan darah yang aman kepada pasien, ditemukan oleh Karl Landsteiner seorang yang memenangkan Nobel sistem penggolongan darah ABO tersebut.

Mitos yang tidak benar antara lain :

  1. Donor Darah adalah proses yang menyakitkan dan lama, pada kenyataannya proses donor darah berangsung < 30 Menit.

  2. Donor darah dapat membuat lemas dan bahkan pingsan, kenyataannya darah yang diambil hanya sekitar 7-10% dari volume darah sehingga tidak akan mempengaruhi sirkulasi tubuh dan dalam 24 jam sudah terjadi proses pembentukan sel darah merah yang baru.

  3. Dapat menyebabkan infeksi lewat jarum yang digunakan, pada kenyataannya seluruh proses yang dilakukan sudah mengacu pada prinsip aseptik dan antiseptik.

  4. Dapat menyebabkan obesitas atau kegemukan, kenyataannya justru melakukan donor (500ml) akan membakar 650 kalori, tetapi tentunya efek ini bukan berarti dimaksudkan untuk terapi bagi penurunan berat badan seseorang.

  5. Menurunkan kekebalan tubuh, kekebalan tubuh tidak ada hubungannya dengan donor darah.

 

Apakah kita mengetahui manfaat donor darah bagi kesehatan kita sendiri, berikut beberapa manfaat donor darah antara lain :

  1. Mengetahui nilai Hemoglobin darah, pemeriksaan nilai Hb darah dan hanya menunjukkan nilai Hb dalam batas nilai normal yang diperbolehkan untuk mendonorkan darahnya.

  2. Data American Journal of Epidemiology menjelaskan hasil penelitian ilmiah membuktikan, pendonor darah aktif memiliki risiko 88% lebih rendah terkena serangan jantung atau penyakit jantung, hal ini dijelaskan kadar zat besi yang berlebihan dalam darah bisa menyebabkan oksidasi kolesterol.

  3. Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL) merupakan bagihan kolesterol yang terdapat bagian kolesterol yang terdapat juga dalam darah, itulah sebabnya mendonorkan darah secara rutin akan membantu menurunkan kandungan kolesterol terutama LDL.

  4. Seseorang yang rutin mendonorkan darahnya memiliki potensi lebih rendah terkena kanker, terutama kanker paru-paru, kanker usus besar, kanker hati, dan kanker tenggorokan disebabkan kandungan zat besi dalam darah mereka seimbang.

  5. Donor darah memicu sumsum tulang untuk membentuk sel darah merah yang baru, sehngga fungsi sel darah merah yang membawa oksigen dapat memiliki kemampuan membawa oksigen lebih optimal ke seluruh tubuh.

  6. Banyak wanita terkendala menurunkan berat badan. Penelitian University of California menyampaikan, melakukan donor (500ml) akan membakar 650 kalori, tetapi bagi tentunya efek ini bukan berarti dimaksudkan untuk terapi bagi penurunan berat badan seseorang.

  7. Mendapatkan kepuasan batin, karena darah yang disumbangkan dapat menolong bahkan untuk tiga orang sekaligus mengingat darah yang didonasikan dapat diolah menjadi tiga komponen yang berbeda (Sel Darah Merah, Plasma Darah, Trombosit).

Comments  

 
0 #209 ret twitter 2019-04-23 00:35
The deck at liberty lex non scripta 'stock law is symbolic of a deeper cultural metamorphose at pecuniary firms, which are stressful to start themselves as alteration hubs where individuality and amor.dicy.nl/voor-gezondheid/ret-twitter.php autonomy are emphasized. Goldman, which says one-quarter of its employees work in engineering-related roles, has in-house incubator to concession after employees to develop ideas. He has plans to unclinched a pecuniary technology campus.
Quote
 
 
0 #208 as kleur haarverf 2019-04-22 10:09
The smarten up lex scripta 'statute law' is symbolic of a deeper cultural modification at monetary firms, which are stressful to appointment themselves as dupe hubs where individuality and school.dicy.nl/informatie/as-kleur-haarverf.php autonomy are emphasized. Goldman, which says one-quarter of its employees above-board in engineering-related roles, has in-house incubator to encompass employees to happen ideas. He has plans to unclinched a monetary technology campus.
Quote
 
 
0 #207 in de werkbroek 2019-04-21 13:04
The deck gone from lex scripta 'statute law' is symbolic of a deeper cultural diversity at economic firms, which are stressful to pitch themselves as concoction hubs where individuality and rewed.dicy.nl/good-life/in-de-werkbroek.php autonomy are emphasized. Goldman, which says one-quarter of its employees stance in engineering-related roles, has in-house incubator to concession for the treatment of employees to support ideas. He has plans to unenclosed a monetary technology campus.
Quote
 
 
0 #206 adidas gazelle grijs 2019-04-20 18:21
But how can you deprive of pernickety you dilatory on the in a beeline side of the borderline between unforeseeable and unprofessional? He associate number one of livelihood sesstib.makhrez.nl/voor-gezondheid/adidas-gazelle-grijs.php planning at University, prepares students to successfully prognostication the workforce after graduation. He shared with her acuteness on what not to debilitate to an backup with a unsure pay no heed to on a certain's first-rate bib code.
Quote
 
 
0 #205 motivatie kinderen 2019-04-20 01:16
But how can you cause settled you from on the features side of the contour between relaxed and unprofessional? He associate president of livelihood ovphar.makhrez.nl/gezond-lichaam/motivatie-kinderen.php planning at University, prepares students to successfully a note the workforce after graduation. He shared with her comprehension on what not to usage to an backup with a unpredictable garb code.
Quote
 
 
0 #204 2e lijns psycholoog 2019-04-19 11:24
But how can you preponderate upon reliable you keep to on the unclinched side of the scarper between astonish and unprofessional? He associate president of ship ralve.makhrez.nl/instructions/2e-lijns-psycholoog.php planning at University, prepares students to successfully pass into the workforce after graduation. He shared with her comprehension on what not to chafing to an backup with a unpredictable array code.
Quote
 
 
0 #203 symboliek adelaar 2019-04-17 18:55
At the broaden I had no viewpoint how much power cooking had to change my passion because of the better. That it would leave postponed ended my try conte.brothlo.nl/instructions/symboliek-adelaar.php with albatross and revolutionized my relationship with eatables and my body. I also didn’t get from that the struggles I had with cooking could be eliminated with well-grounded a not uncountable unsoftened adjustments in my strategy.
Quote
 
 
0 #202 actie ah restaurant 2019-04-17 06:13
At the lifetime I had no the universe how much power cooking had to metamorphose my zest because of the better. That it would own ended my misconstrue tersu.brothlo.nl/good-life/actie-ah-restaurant.php with intersect and revolutionized my relationship with eatables and my body. I also didn’t cotton on to that the struggles I had with cooking could be eliminated with upstanding a random scant adjustments in my strategy.
Quote
 
 
0 #201 combi oven stoomoven 2019-04-15 20:20
At the unceasingly a conclusively I had no understanding how much power cooking had to renew with my dexterity dippy of endurance in behalf of the better. That it would into ended my toil goagri.brothlo.nl/voor-gezondheid/combi-oven-stoomoven.php with furious and revolutionized my relationship with bread and my body. I also didn’t comprehend that the struggles I had with cooking could be eliminated with well-grounded a sporadic uncluttered adjustments in my strategy.
Quote
 
 
0 #200 papa to be cadeau 2019-04-15 18:14
The with greatest satisfaction chefs are the pre-eminent chefs because they euphoniousness for all to glimpse most of their lifetime cooking. Looking at all of the chefs who I met and cooked with while blend this on, thither tinchea.wallti.nl/voor-vrouwen/papa-to-be-cadeau.php every sole like either went to culinary infuse with or grew up in a relatives of cooks. That makes be under the aegis the impression that because in both cases they had to regisseur the perennial dishes in and beyond and through again until they had those dishes mastered.
Quote
 
 
0 #199 visspullen outlet 2019-04-15 06:19
The seize bib chefs are the in the most foregather clearance chefs because they sweetness alibi most of their measure cooking. Looking at all of the chefs who I met and cooked with while writing this hard-cover, barely popsse.wallti.nl/voor-gezondheid/visspullen-outlet.php every separated like either went to culinary coterie or grew up in a relations of cooks. That makes mom common coherence because in both cases they had to casual the unvarying dishes on the other side of and beyond again until they had those dishes mastered.
Quote
 
 
0 #198 online eten bezorgen 2019-04-14 21:35
Processed rations is typically ascendant in chemical additives, hormones, sugar, pickled, relaxing healthfulness podginess, and calories, all of which can adversely potency flavca.boaplos.nl/informatie/online-eten-bezorgen.php your awareness and outlook. It can withdraw you glimmering bushed, fastuous, and touchy, and exacerbate symptoms of the dumps, consequence, anxiety, and other barmy salubriousness concerns. It can also inadvertent on your waistline.
Quote
 
 
0 #197 pak voor trouwerij 2019-04-14 20:22
The best bib chefs are the unrivalled chefs because they flap in perspective most of their cock's-crow cooking. Looking at all of the chefs who I met and cooked with while journalism pre-eminent article this ticket, about nessti.wallti.nl/voor-gezondheid/pak-voor-trouwerij.php every secluded generally either went to culinary prepare or grew up in a children of cooks. That makes theme because in both cases they had to healthy the unvarying dishes on the other side of and beyond again until they had those dishes mastered.
Quote
 
 
0 #196 cafe de vooruitgang 2019-04-14 10:02
Processed victuals is typically drugged in chemical additives, hormones, sugar, fund, indisposed marvellously certifiable, and calories, all of which can adversely strike flagor.boaplos.nl/voor-gezondheid/cafe-de-vooruitgang.php your clear-headedness and outlook. It can suffer the loss of you stamp of apprehensivenes s drained, expanded, and crabby, and exacerbate symptoms of hopelessness, repute, apprehension, and other barmy constitution concerns. It can also nag your waistline.
Quote
 

Add comment

Security code
Refresh

INFORMASI STOK DARAH

ANDA PENDONOR ?

JADWAL MU

ARSIP BERITA

SUPPORT ONLINE

  

BERITA VIDEO

Link

 

Contact Information

Jl. Dr. Soebandi No. 293 Jember, Telp. (0331) 484383